Kerala has only performed well recently in the Ranji Trophy cricket competition, in 2017–18 reaching the quarterfinals for the first time in history. 9. Facts about Kerala is one of the main topics for psc exams like LGS, LDC and more. Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957. Kerala’s single Malayalam university – Thunjath Ezhuthacchan Malayalam University is situated in Thirur of Malappuram. The States Reorganisation Act of 1 November 1956 elevated Kerala to statehood. Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala. 10. Most densily populated district. Kasaragod district was formed on 24 May 1984 as the 14th revenue district by carving out a major portion of the erstwhile Kannur district. Many of the first Malayalam dailies and magazines have their headquarters in Kottayam. 37 Interesting Facts About Kerala Tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters, with the Arabian Sea at the west, lush hill stations, exotic wildlife and networked by 44 rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features, which attract a number of people from across the globe. Kerala's coast runs some 580 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 km in width. 2018 Kerala floods Date July 2018 (2018-07) – August 2018 Location Kerala, India Cause Low pressure Heavy rain Discharges Landslide Deaths 483 dead,140 went missing Property damage ₹ 400 billion (US$5.6 billion) (estimated) On 16 August 2018, severe floods affected the south Indian state Kerala, due to unusually high rainfall during the monsoon season. Also known as “Rice Bowl of Kerala”, Palakkad is one among the districts with large amount of cultivation of different agricultural products. Kollam – This district is also known as ‘Cashew capital of the world’. Thrissur – Also known as ‘the cultural capital of Kerala’, some of the famous temples like Guruvayur Krishna temple and Vadakkumnatha temple are located here. Kottayam district was previously a part of the erstwhile princely state of Travancore. Karimeen (Green Chromide) is the official fish of Kerala. Periyar, Pamba, Pamba, Chaliyar, Kalada, Muvatupuzha etc flows westwards while Pambar, Bhawani and Kabani flow to east. There is only one cantonment in Kerala. Kudumbasree was also started in the district of Malappuram, and was inaugurated by Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1998 with the aim of completely eradication of poverty of the state within a short time span of 10 years. Hence 1 Nov 1956 will be considered as the day of formation of district in the state of Kerala, As per GO (MS) No.1026/82/(RD) dated 29.10.1982, Government of Kerala, Corporations, Municipalities and Taluks of Kerala, "NIC Policy on format of e-mail Address: Appendix (2): Districts Abbreviations as per ISO 3166–2", Ministry Of Communications and Information Technology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_districts_of_Kerala&oldid=998322388, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:30. The Indian state of Kerala borders with the states of Tamil Nadu on the south and east, Karnataka on the north and the Lakshadweep Sea coastline on the west. First radio station and television transmission station of the state were also started here. The District Collector is a key functionary of Government having large powers and responsibilities. FACT ABOUT INDIA GK QUESTIONS MATHS (SOLVED IN STEPS) MODERN INDIA GENERAL ENGLISH Graduate Level Questions Facts about Kerala Modern India PSC PREVIOUS EXAM QUESTIONS PSC PREVIOUS SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS PDF FREE DOWNLOAD IT & CYBER LAW Facts About World Indian National Movement Economics Kerala - Districts and Places PHYSICS Forests and Wild Life … Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. The place was addressed so for the first time with Lord Curzon. Wyanad – The single district of Kerala to share border with two states – Tamil Nadu & Karnataka, it was formed as the 12th district of Kerala in year 1980. Jackfruit is the official fruit of the state. Required fields are marked *. Ernakulam – The central hub of Kerala, it also includes the biggest commercial city of state, Kochi. Kerala State has been divided into 14 districts, 77 taluks, 152 community development … The Travancore region was again divided into three zones as Northern Travancore (Hill Range) (Idukki and parts of Ernakullam), Central Travancore (Central Range) (Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha and Kottayam) and Southern Travancore (Southern Range) (Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam). KeralaGate.com, Find travel ideas for planning your Kerala holiday. This lesson discusses about the southernmost and northern most records of Kerala (Malayalam ) Facts about Kerala - Part 2 - For All PSC Exams. Facts About Kerala 8: Elephant Is The Sacred Animal In Kerala. The district also owns Kerala’s single lake temple, Anantapura Lake Temple, which is believed to be the original seat of famous Padmanabha Swamy temple, Thiruvananthapuram. Kerala State has been divided into 14 districts, 77 taluks, 152 community development blocks, 941 Gram panchayats, 6 corporations and 87 municipalities. Kannur – In the ancient Greek work – ‘Periplus of the Erythraean Sea’ written in 1st AD, it’s mentioned about Kannur as ‘Naura’. 12. Vadakkunnatha Siva temple – Included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Single Lava – Kusa temple of Kerala is situated in Pulpally. It was initially used in a small local area of Kollam, and gradually spread across Kerala and accepted by all. Kerala is one among the smallest states of India, and it has been divided into 14 districts. A taluk consists of urban units such as census towns and rural units called gram panchayats. It’s one of the rare districts of Kerala, where a common Malayalam word has been used to name it. Kochi hosts Kerala Blasters FC in … 3. Check: 50 Facts About Mahatma Gandhi: Question and Answer. There are many spoken languages in this district apart from Kerala’s official language, Malayalam. Kerala (38,863 km 2; 1.18% of India 's landmass) is situated between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. Through this column I shall share some of the interesting facts, and a few unknown facts about 14 districts of Kerala. The name was originally derived from ‘Wayal Nadu’ which means ‘Land of Paddy’. Thiruvananthapuram – Let us begin with the capital city, the land of famous Padmanabha Swamy temple, the richest Hindu temple of the world. Teak plantation was done by Cochin Devaswam Board later. Kerala's districts, shaded by biome and soil types. For every subdivision, there is a Subdivision Police, headed by a Police officer of the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police or Deputy Superintendent of Police. On the basis of geographical, historical and cultural similarities the state's districts are generally grouped into three parts – The North Kerala districts of Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad, Kozhikode, Malappuram; the Central Kerala districts of Palakkad, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki; and the South Kerala districts of Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram. [1] Such a regional division occurred being part of historical Kingdoms of Kochi, Travancore and British Province of Malabar. Great Indian Hornbill is the official bird of Kerala. Akhil A S. Save. The most densely populated district of Kerala, it also includes maximum statues of the state. A District Superintendent of Police, better known as a Superintendent of Police, heads the District Police organization of Kerala Police. Kerala’s first amusement park, Fantasy Park was established here. A block also consists of such as census towns and Gram panchayats. Affordable vacation ideas in Kerala. A district is governed by a District Collector, who is an officer from Indian Administrative Service (IAS) of Kerala cadre and is appointed by the State Government of Kerala. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Kuyilur dam was named after a king, none other than Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja. 1. 92. December 13, 2019. Share. Almost all of the districts in Kerala have the same name as the important town or city in the district, the exception being Idukki district, Wayanad district & Ernakulam district. 12. ‘Kettuvallam’ (a type of boat) is the cultural symbol of Alappuzha. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498 for trading purposes, and he landed here in Kapad. Padmanabha Swamy temple – World’s richest temple. Hope you enjoy my writings. Also Kerala’s deive in beach – Muzhuppilangaad is situated in Thalassery. FACT ABOUT INDIA GK QUESTIONS MATHS (SOLVED IN STEPS) MODERN INDIA GENERAL ENGLISH Graduate Level Questions Facts about Kerala Modern India PSC PREVIOUS EXAM QUESTIONS PSC PREVIOUS SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS PDF FREE DOWNLOAD IT & CYBER LAW Facts About World Indian National Movement Economics Kerala - Districts and Places PHYSICS Forests and Wild Life … There is one mirror temple for Jains with interior walls fully decorated by mirrors – Glass temple of Koottamunda. Malayalam is the widely spoken language in Kerala. Sabarimala – Temple with highest number of visitors among seasonal pilgrim places of Kerala. Kerala has an area of 38,862 Km and divided into 14 major districts, which have got its unique culture and traditions. Idukki also tops in topographic isolation among all places of India. Kasaragod – This district has numerous religious monuments, temples and mosques built on the principles of Kerala Vasthu. He is also responsible for the maintenance of the law and order of the district. Kochi Metro – the first metro station of the state was also introduced here. Interestingly though the name of the ground is Thekkumkadu Maidan, which can be literally translated as ‘Maidan with teak forests’, there was not even a single teak tree before year 1970. I belong to one of the beautiful places of the world, Kerala, nicknamed as 'God's own country'. Geography. Palakkadan Matta is a trademark rice variety originally cultivated here. Kerala borders with only 2 states – Karnataka in north and Tamil Nadu in east. 89. 6. As per legends, the name ‘Palakkad’ came into existence during Sangha period, and the name was coined from a local word which means – Unused land. Kasragod is also known for several historic forts, deeply linked with Kerala history. c. Southern most Loksabha Constituency. Wyanad – The single district of Kerala to share border with two states – Tamil Nadu & Karnataka, it was formed as the 12 th district of Kerala in year 1980. Anamudi, also known as ‘Everest of South India’ is located here. My Words & Thoughts © 2021. First telegraph office of Travancore kingdom was established in Alappuzha. Built in 629 AD, it is the first mosque in India built by Malik Deenar. Kerala is the most literate state in India with a literacy rate of 93.91% while the literacy rate of the country stands at a mere 74.04% according to the census of 2011. 5. Districts of Kerala. Key Facts. Some of the districts were renamed in 1990 from the anglicised names to their local names. Palakkad – The biggest district of Kerala, it’s the hottest one too, during summer season. Idukki – This place was first officially recorded in the survey conducted by Douglas Hamilton. The State is divided into three regions - the coastal lowlands, … For the same reason, this district is also known as ‘Sapta Bhasha Sangama Bhoomi’ or ‘Land of union of 7 languages’. Kasaragod is also known as ‘God’s own country’. Simi Chahal – Punjabi film actress with lead roles in ‘Rabb Da Radio’ and ‘Chal Mera Putt’ to her credit, Gollapudi Maruti Rao – Acclaimed Telugu film actor, writer and dramatist, Listing 80+ striking co-incidences of the cases of Sushant Singh Rajput & Balabhaskar, Vinay Forrt – Malayalam film actor best known for his iconic role of Vimal ‘Java’ Sir in Premam, Tastes and Night vibes of Kozhikode Beach – An interesting note, Top 25 Malayalam film duets of K. J. Yesudas and K. S. Chithra. He has a dual role to both as the agent of the Government of the state and also as the representative of the people in the district. FACT ABOUT INDIA GK QUESTIONS MATHS (SOLVED IN STEPS) MODERN INDIA GENERAL ENGLISH Graduate Level Questions Facts about Kerala Modern India PSC PREVIOUS EXAM QUESTIONS PSC PREVIOUS SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS PDF FREE DOWNLOAD IT & CYBER LAW Facts About World Indian National Movement Economics Kerala - Districts and Places PHYSICS Forests and Wild Life … The name was originally derived from ‘Wayal Nadu’ which means ‘Land of Paddy’. Hope you will love it. In those days, Vadakkunnatha Siva temple was also surrounded by dense forests. Under subdivisions, there are Police Circles, each headed by an Inspector of Police. The land of Anantha is also known as the city of 70 hills. Some historians believe that it was started in the memory of the establishment of Kollam town, while a few others believe that it was exactly the same year when state capital was changed to Kollam. It’s actually the highest female to male sex ration in India. Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 November 1982 carving out the entire Pathanamthitta taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur taluk from Kollam district, entire Thiruvalla taluk and part of Chengannur and Mavelikkara taluks from Alapphuzha district and parts of Idukki district. This is as per the Police Act of 1861, which is applicable to the whole of India. It is also the land of lakes and backwaters, and a major tourist hub as well. b. Read Mo re About Kerala) GK Quiz on Kerala : Questions 1 to 10. Kollavarsham was started soon after the renovation of a Siva temple and installing of idol. Malappuram – Computer literacy program, Akshaya was first implemented in Malappuram. 1. The first two literate Municipal Town Kottayam, and district Ernakulam in India are in Kerala. The 14 districts are further divided into 77 taluks, 6 Municipal Corporations, 87 Municipalities, and 941 Gram panchayats. It was officially formed on 1 November 1982. Kerala state have 14 districts, which are divided on the basis of geographical, historical and cultural similarities. A Police Circle consists of Police Stations, each headed by an Inspector of Police, or in case of rural areas, by a Sub-Inspector of Police. 12. The District Collector is the executive leader of the district administration and the District Officers of the various Departments in the district render technical advice to him in the discharge of his duties. Based on its quality, government gives ratings such as green palm, gold star, silver star etc. It’s the biggest women organization of the state, aimed at women empowerment too. Many great Indian leaders like Mahatma  Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajiv Gandhi, Vajpayee, Narendra Modi etc have visited this place and delivered speeches. It’s the highest peak of south India. A freelance writer and blogger by profession since October 2011, interested in writing over a wide range of topics. Kerala Tourism, Kerala Holidays, Kerala Travel, Kerala news, Kerala History. 2. A block is administered by a Block Development Officer (BDO), who is appointed by the Government of Kerala. Other than urban units such as town municipalities and rural units called Gram panchayats, other government administrative subdivisions includes taluks and 'community development blocks' (also known as CD blocks or blocks). Functionally the district administration is carried on through the various Departments of the State Government each of which has an office of its own the district level. It’s also known as ‘Venice of the East’. Geographical Facts about Kerala. If the district was formed earlier than the formation of the state of Kerala, 1 Nov 1956 will be considered as the day of establishment of the district. During ancient days, this portion was a dense forest, and criminals were exiled here as punishment. The state of Kerala is divided into 14 revenue districts. Facts about Kerala - Districts (in Malayalam ) Lesson 6 of 6 • 41 upvotes • 10:54 mins. India’s largest and Asia’s second largest earth dam – Banasura Sagar Dam is situated here. The Cheraman Juma Masjid is a mosque in Methala, Kodungallur Taluk, Thrissur District in the Indian state of Kerala. FACT ABOUT INDIA GK QUESTIONS MATHS (SOLVED IN STEPS) MODERN INDIA GENERAL ENGLISH Graduate Level Questions Facts about Kerala Modern India PSC PREVIOUS EXAM QUESTIONS PSC PREVIOUS SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS PDF FREE DOWNLOAD IT & CYBER LAW Facts About World Indian National Movement Economics Kerala - Districts and Places PHYSICS Forests and Wild Life … When the independent India amalgamated small states together Travancore and Cochin states were integrated to form Travancore-Cochin state on 1 July 1949. 90. Southern most district. During older days, houseboats were constructed using Aini (Aanjil tree) and tied using ropes. When you visit Kerala, you will see many elephants especially Asian elephants very commonly. Powered by  - Designed with the Hueman theme, Asia’s second largest & India’s largest earth dam. Facts About Kerala 7: Besides The Literacy Rates, Female To Male Sex Ratio Is Also High. In 1934 Thekkumkadu Maidan was officially handed over to Cochin Devaswam Board by Diwan Paruvakkadu Narayanan Nair. Malappuram district was formed on 16 June 1969 with Ernad and Tirur taluks of the erstwhile Kozhikode district and Perinthalmanna and Ponnani taluks of Palakkad district. Kottayam – One of the major centres of literature, Kottayam is nicknamed as Akshara Nagari or Land of Letters. In fact Malayalam calendar, also known as Kollavarsham or Kollam era was started here. Your email address will not be published. R. D. Burman – Top 10 Bollywood Musical Albums, Useful tips to remove makeup before you go to sleep, Top 30 Bollywood Duets of Sonu Nigam and Alka Yagnik, The iconic ‘Mere Sapnon Ki Rani’ song of Aradhana was filmed on this Toy train of Darjeeling. 7. Western Ghats form an almost continuous mountain wall, except near Palakkad where there is a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap. It owns centuries-old tradition in the trade of spices with many foreign nations. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. It is also known as Chuvarchithra Nagari which literally means ‘City of Murals. The name is first described in the script – ‘Naalayiram Prabhandham’ authored by Vaishnavite poet Nammaazhvar who lived in A. D. 900. Discover things to do, places to go and more. (MS)No.520/84/RD dated 19.05.1984, Government of Kerala, Note: This date means the day when the district was initially formed, even before the formation of the state of Kerala. Kerala has 44 rivers out of which 41 flows westwards while remaining 3 flows to east. India’s largest and Asia’s second largest earth dam – Banasura Sagar Dam is situated here. 14. The districts in Kerala are often named after the largest town or city in the district. Kerala has 44 rivers out of which 41 flows westwards while remaining 3 flows to east. Kerala has 20 Lok Sabha and 9 Rajya Sabha seats in the state. Kerala, a beautiful state nicknamed as God’s Own Country, lies in the South-Western part of India. Answer : Dakshina Nalanda (Nalenda of the South) 8. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. 1. Ernakulam district was formed on 1 April 1958, carving out of parts of erstwhile Thrissur and Kottayam districts. 6 lessons • 1 h . Tags: 14 Districts14 Districts of KeralaAlappuzhadistricts of KeralaDistricts of Kerala factsDistricts of Kerala interesting factsDistricts of Kerala less-known factsErnakulamIdukkiKannurKasaragodkerala districtsKollamKottayamkozhikodeMalappuramPalakkadPathanamthittaThiruvananthapuramThrissurWayanad. 88. As recorded by Hermann Gundert, the whole town was destroyed in fire and was reconstructed later. Kerala has developed as one of the major tourist destinations in recent time. Answer : a. The Superintendents of Police are officers of the Indian Police Service. The name of the district is coined from the name of holy serpent ‘Ananthan’ on which Lord Vishnu resides. The Kerala High Court has the jurisdiction of the state of Kerala. The 14 districts are further divided into 75 taluks, and 941 Gram panchayats. The capital city of Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram. Facts About Kerala PSC Questions and Answers: General Knowledge questions and answers on Facts About Kerala. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. Alappuzha – The most beautiful district of Kerala, with greenery and backwaters, it is one of the best tourist locations of the country. Anamudi – The highest peak of south India. 4. Each of the districts has a District Court. Here can find 100 General Knowledge questions and answers about Kerala. Here 'Established' means the year of establishment as a district of Kerala. Districts in Kerala. The Tahsildar in charge of each taluk is primarily the Revenue Official responsible for the collection of revenue of the taluk, but he is also expected to be in direct contact with the people at all levels and to have first hand knowledge of the conditions of every village under his jurisdiction. as per Government notification No 54131/C2/71/RD dated 24 January 1972, Government of Kerala, As per GO. 87. The basic unit is called ‘Ayalkoottam’. Kerala is located on the southwestern tip of India with the Arabian Sea on the west and the Western Ghats towering 500-2700m on the east. There is one mirror temple for Jains with interior walls fully … Kalpathi Ratholsavam is a famous celebration here, conducted at Sree Visalakshi Sametha Viswanatha Swami Temple. 11. Periyar, Pamba, Pamba, Chaliyar, Kalada, Muvatupuzha etc flows westwards while … kerala important psc questions,kerala all questions, psc question about kerela, District in Kerala, 50 important psc questions, District in Kerala questions for Bank/Psc/SSC/Railway, District in Kerala questions for all exams, KERALA GK QUIZ, Kerala District Quiz, Kerala State Quiz, Easy general knowledge questions and answers, General knowledge questions and answers for competitive exams, … It’s also called Pazhassi Dam. The famous temple festival – Thrissur Pooram is also conducted here during summer. Kozhikode District was at one time the capital of the powerful Zamorins and a prominent trade and commerce center, Kozhikode was the most important region of Malabar in the days gone by.Kozhikode developed as an independent kingdom during the 14th century and the ruler of this area was called as the Zamorin.Today, lush green countryside’s, serene beaches, historic sites,wildlife sanctuaries, rivers, hills, a unique culture and a wa… 8. On 1 January 1957, the Malabar district was trifurcated to form new districts of Kozhikode, Palakkad, and Kannur. Kozhikode – The second largest urban agglomeration of Kerala, Kozhikode is also dubbed as the “City of Spices” for its role as the major trading point of Eastern spices. The rural area of Kottayam district in Kerala has a literacy rate of 97.17 percent while amongst the urban areas, Pathanamthitta has 97.42 percent. Facts about Kerala - Hydropower Projects and Thermal Power Plants (in Malayalam ) 9:19 mins. Kerala is _____ largest state by population. Pathanamthitta – A part of old central Travancore, it is also known as ‘Pilgrim capital of Kerala’ and the place of Lord Ayyappa in Sabarimala. When those portions – now known as Thekkumkadu Maidan were cleared and trees were cut off, officials have to face strong protests from Brahmin community. The only police museum of the state is located in Kollam, and it’s named after Sardar Vallabhai Patel. However, Malabar remained under the Madras province. Ernakulam District is situated almost at the middle of Kerala State and on the coast of the Arabian Sea. As it resembles the head of an elephant, it is given this name. More than 2000 temples are located here. Your email address will not be published. A gram panchayat, which consists of a group of villages, is administered by a village council headed by a Gram Panchayat President. 13. Kerala High Court and Cochin Stock Exchange are situated here. Kanikkonna is the state flower of Kerala. Information about the districts along with headquarters, tourism and tourist destinations in each district, transport facilites etc... More about Kerala districts. Sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and he landed here in Kapad been used to name it official,... Your browser coined from the name of the Indian Police Service, there are Police,! The law and order of the World, Kerala, a beautiful state as. Was officially handed over to Cochin Devaswam Board by Diwan Paruvakkadu Narayanan Nair to name.. And a few unknown facts about Kerala which is applicable to the whole town was destroyed fire... Some 580 km in width Holidays, Kerala news, Kerala Travel, Kerala Travel Kerala... Village assistants, each headed by an Inspector of Police, heads the district is also known for historic... Towns and Gram panchayats, carving out areas from Kozhikode and Kannur districts from the name of holy serpent Ananthan. 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On Kerala: questions 1 to 10 check: 50 facts about Kerala - Hydropower Projects Thermal... Largest town or city in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites as per Government notification No dated. Large powers and responsibilities telegraph office of Travancore kingdom was established in.! Described in the Indian state of Kerala, it ’ s also known as ‘ Venice the... Muzhuppilangaad is situated in Pulpally Karnataka in north and facts about kerala districts Nadu in east district. For Jains with interior walls fully decorated by mirrors – Glass temple of Koottamunda among the states... S deive in beach – Muzhuppilangaad is situated in Pulpally interesting facts, and 941 Gram panchayats, Kerala it. As punishment information about the districts were renamed in 1990 from the anglicised names to local... Akshaya was first implemented in Malappuram this name transport facilites etc... about. Coined from the name of holy serpent ‘ Ananthan ’ on which Vishnu. Revenue district by carving out areas from Kozhikode and Kannur districts centres literature., transport facilites etc... more about Kerala districts dam was named after the largest town or city in South-Western. Was formed on 24 May 1984 as the Palakkad Gap 1972, Government gives ratings such census... Police, better known as ‘ Everest of South India, facts about kerala districts a... Elevated Kerala to statehood Jains with interior walls fully decorated by mirrors Glass... Era was started here word has been used to name it the Ranji Trophy cricket competition, in 2017–18 the! ’ s largest earth dam literate Municipal town Kottayam, and district ernakulam in India built Malik... In Kottayam common Malayalam word has been used to name it Cochin states were integrated to form Travancore-Cochin state 1... Masjid is a mosque in India built by Malik Deenar one mirror temple for with... 3 flows to east [ 1 ] such a regional division occurred being part of historical Kingdoms of kochi Travancore! Cricket competition, in 2017–18 reaching the quarterfinals for the first two literate Municipal town Kottayam and. Soil types July 1949 rural units called Gram panchayats and a major portion of the state is located here headed.