"Bellinsgauzenia" was an early name for the continent, named for its discoverer, the Russian explorer Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen. It seeks to conserve Antarctica and it is regularly revised. More about the expedition can be found at unlockingthearchives.rgs.org. Jun 16, 2016 - Antarctica is known to be one of the most awe-inspiring destinations of the world. Communications. Captain James Cook crosses the Antarctic Circle and circumnavigates Antarctica, though he never actually sights land. Jan 1, 1899, The First Winter Was Over Jan 1, 1839, First dog to be in Antarctica Jan 9, 1829, First scientist to work in the Antarctic Jan 27, 1820, Antarctica First Spotted The men used green-tinted goggles to combat snow-blindness, skis and a mixture of ponies, dogs, motor sledges and man-hauling to reach the Pole. Timeline starting with 350 B.C., jumping to 1773 and up to the present. There is a New Zealand connection to a number of triumphs and tragedies that have occurred in Antarctica. Read below the major events that happened in Antarctica’s history in a comprehensive Antarctic Timeline: Spectacular ice formations in Antarctica. First man to land on Antarctica the first man to land on Antarctica was John Davis Jan 1, 1823. Ship sailing around Antarctica. The collections went to the British Museum of Natural History; their statistical material to the Royal Society; and their journal ‘South Polar Times’, written by the men during the long winters, to the RGS. Contact Us, 7 Best Chimu Adventures for Retirement Bucket-list Journeys, https://www.chimuadventures.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Image-1-600x746.jpg, 14 Amazing Antarctica Facts That’ll Blow Your Mind, https://www.chimuadventures.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/antarctica8-600x657.jpg, Antarctica from Australia and New Zealand, Australasian Scientific Antarctic Expedition. 1998 – Madrid Protocol enters into force, designating Antarctica’s ‘natural reserve devoted to peace and science’ and prohibiting mining in Antarctica. 4th Century B.C. Photo credit: Shutterstock. They survived by using supplies left in the hut by the Scott expedition in 1912. The aim of the expedition was to cross Antarctica from sea to sea via the South Pole. They were the first to use dogs to transport them. Edward Bransfield and William Smith saw the Antarctic Peninsula. Trail in the wake of Ernest Shackleton  and his courageous exploration of Antarctica with Chimu Adventures or go on one of the many other trips the to the world’s most remote wilderness. Captain James Weddell sailed to 74˚15’S and found the Weddell Ice Sheet and Sea. I hope you enjoy! Antarctica's Exploration Timeline . Antarctica Timeline: 2007-2008 Early 1900s: During this period, many countries sent exploring expeditions to the Antarctic. From the base camp hut set up at Cape Evans on Ross Island, the scientific staff carried out investigations in a wide range of fields, including meteorology, building on the research of the 1901 - 1904 National Antarctic Expedition. Learn about Australian expeditions to the icy continent, from the 18th century to today. Go beyond the normal Antarctica tour areas. James cook passes the Antarctic circle James Cook passes the antarctic circle Feb 7, 1821. British Expedition to Graham Land led by John Cope. Carsten Borchgrevink, a Norwegian, led the British Antarctic Expedition, funded by an English publisher. Photo credit: Shutterstock. A Brief History of Antarctica in Maps. After crossing the Antarctic Circle they continued to 71˚10’S. 1914-1917 – Shackleton returns to Antarctica in an attempt to complete the first crossing of the continent. They covered 5,000km until illness and snow blindness forced them back. The number of bases was increased and extensive scientific and surveying journey made. Early Antarctica History - A Timeline Posted on Jul 12, 2017 @ 04:48 PM 4th Century B.C. In 1914, Shackleton made his third trip to the Antarctic with the ship 'Endurance', planning to cross Antarctica via the South Pole. On pre-1820 maps, when cartographers could only speculate about Antarctica's existence, the hypothetical landmass was termed "Terra Incognita" ("Unknown Land") or "Terra Australis" ("Southern Land"). 1820: In November, American Nathaniel Palmer, on the HERO, claims to see the Antarctic Peninsula. Jan 17, 1773. Orígenes de la psicopedagogía y sus inicios en México y Jalisco. Gentoo Pengiuns in Antarctica. The expedition was not without difficulties. The vast, icy expanse to the south attracted sealers, whalers, explorers and scientist. He planned to cross Antarctica but failed. Jan 1, 1773. The investigations continued until 1951 and form the basis of an understanding of modern marine systems. Funding was difficult, so a small four-man party set out. Photo credit: Shutterstock. 1772 to 1775-James Cook. It’s less than 200 years since people first stepped foot onto Antarctica. Although he doesn’t gain a visual on land, he does see deposits of rock in icebergs, which proved to Captain Cook that a southern continent exists These were a series of British funded, scientific studies taking place around the Antarctic Southern Ocean. The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen was the first to reach the Sorth Pole on Dec. 14, 1911. Captain James Clark Ross discovered the coast of Victoria Land, sighted Mount Erebus (which is an active volcano) and found the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf. 1959 - The Antarctic Treaty was created to protect the continent. In Uncategorized. Hillary continued overland to the South Pole becoming only the third party to reach the Pole overland and the first to do so in vehicles. Although not part of the IGY, valuable scientific research was undertaken. HISTORIA DE LA PSICOLOGIA. The support party waiting on the other side of the continent is eventually rescued in 1917. 1928 – Australian Sir George Wilkins and American Carl Benjamin Eielson are the first to fly over Antarctica around the peninsula region. The tragedy was followed by a demanding recovery operation and a raging debate over who or what was to blame Read the full article Page 2 – Tourist flights to Antarctica Antarctica. Under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty’s Environmental Protocol all non-indigenous species had to be removed from Antarctica because of the potential threat to indigenous species, for example through the transmission of disease and killing animals for food for the dogs. Paul Ward. Antarctica Timeline Antartica's History is very interesting. Captain Cook crossed the Antarctic Circle 1773 - 1775 Captain James Cook and his crew became the first people to cross the Antarctic Circle. Antarctica was found Captain James Cook found Antarctica in January 1773 and he did not see a sight of land. Antarctica Timeline: Early 1900s. The Trans-Antarctic Expedition led by Sir Vivian Fuchs and supported by Sir Edmund Hillary undertook the first crossing of the Antarctic from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea via the South Pole. MAD Project It would be an historical event and would also contribute to scientific knowledge as over half of the 1,800 mile journey would be over unexplored territory. 1830s-40s – Individual British, French and American expeditions confirm the status of Antarctica as a continent after sailing around the continuous coastline. Gondwanaland consisting of Africa, Antarctica, Australia, India and New Zealand begins to break up. They mark an important stage in British oceanographic studies of the marine ecosystem by employing new techniques in large scale multi-disciplinary study. Their ship is crushed in the sea ice. At present, the history of the Antarctic Ice Sheet is unknown: it has been inferred from low-latitude proxy data-principally from oxygen isotopic measurements on deep-ocean benthic foraminifers-and from the record of eustatic sea-level change adduced from sediments on low-latitude margins (e.g., Miller et al., 1987; Haq et al., 1987). Though the number of Antarctic research stations dropped to 33 by 1960 and reached a low of 30 in 1964, there has been a slow increase ever since. You can clearly see how different parts of the continent reach their maximum ice volume and then deglaciate at different times. Unfortunately, their ship Antarctic was crushed in the ice pack after leaving the crew on the island thereby creating two separate groups of explorers. Stamp of Antarctic Treaty. More information can be found at the Scott Polar Research Institute. 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